Yet, all too often, we find ourselves frustrated by shots where the clubhead makes contact with the ground before reaching the ball, resulting in less-than-ideal shots and diminished distance. This common issue can plague players of all levels, from beginners to seasoned pros. However, fear not!

In this article, we will delve into the critical aspects of ball striking and explore the reasons why hitting the ground before the golf ball happens. More importantly, we will equip you with practical tips, expert advice, and effective drills to help you develop a consistent and reliable swing, ensuring you achieve clean, powerful ball contact with every swing. So, let's sharpen our skills and take our golf game to new heights!


Common Mistakes While Hitting The Golf Ball - Ground Contact Before the Ball

Hitting the ground before making contact with the golf ball is a common mistake that many golfers face, and it can significantly impact the outcome of their shots. Understanding the reasons behind this error is essential for improving ball-striking consistency. Here are some common mistakes that lead to ground contact before the ball:

  1. Early Release of the Club: One of the primary causes of hitting the ground first is an early release of the club during the downswing. When the wrists unhinge too soon, the clubhead descends too steeply, resulting in the club striking the ground before reaching the ball.
  2. Steep Angle of Attack: Golfers with a steep angle of attack tend to hit the ground before the ball, especially if the ball is positioned too far back in their stance. A steep angle of attack occurs when the clubhead comes down steeply toward the ball rather than sweeping it.
  3. Lack of Weight Transfer: Failing to transfer weight properly from the back foot to the front foot during the downswing can cause the club to bottom out too early, leading to ground contact before the ball.
  4. Swaying or Sliding in the Swing: Excessive lateral movement (swaying or sliding) during the swing can disrupt the swing path and lead to inconsistent ball contact.
  5. Overactive Hands and Arms: Using too much hand and arm action instead of rotating the body can lead to an improper swing plane, resulting in early ground contact.
  6. Improper Ball Position: Incorrectly positioning the ball in the stance can affect the angle of attack and lead to the club hitting the ground before reaching the ball.
  7. Tension and Lack of Tempo: Being overly tense during the swing or having an inconsistent tempo can disrupt the proper sequencing of the swing and cause the club head to strike the ground early.
  8. Using the Wrong Club: Using a club with too little loft for the situation, especially in challenging lies or bunker shots, can cause the club to dig into the ground before hitting the ball.

Physics Of Hitting The Ground Before The Golf Ball

hitting the ground before the golf ball

When you swing a golf club, you aim to hit the ball squarely with the clubface. However, what happens if you do not hit the ball perfectly? Golfers often hit the ground and become terrible before they hit the ball, which can lead to some interesting physics.

Your club slows down slightly when you hit the ground before the ball. This is because of friction between the club and the ground. The friction force in the opposite direction of your swing slows you down.

This might not seem like a big deal, but it can significantly impact your shot if you swing at 100 miles per hour and hit the ground before the ball. Your club will slow down to about 99 miles per hour when it hits the ball.

That may not sound like much, but it can make a big difference in where your ball goes.

Ways To Field Different Golf Balls

hitting the ground before the golf ball

There are three basic types of balls: slow rollers, medium rollers, and hard choppers. Each type of grounder requires a different type of fielding technique, but they all start with the same basic stance:

Slow Roller

Get down on one knee and field the ball with your glove on the ground. Keep your other hand behind your back to help keep you from sprawling out too much and making an error.

Medium Rollers

Field these balls like slow rollers, but be sure to get your body (and glove) behind a ball so it does not go through your legs. This will require extra effort since medium rollers speed more than slow rollers.

Hard Choppers

These are the hardest balls on the field because they come at you fast and bounce high off the ground. Get into a low crouch and keep your glove on the ground as close as possible to where the ball will be hit.

As the ball comes toward you, scoop it up with your glove and transfer it to your throwing hand as quickly as possible.

Pros And Cons Of Hitting The Ground Before The Ball

Every object has two sides. Let us discuss both of them:


  • Hitting the ground before the golf ball gives you a better chance to control your shot.
  • It is easier to keep your head down and maintain good posture if you hit the ground first.
  • Hitting the ground first helps you to avoid "fat" shots and ensure solid contact with the ball.
  • You can create backspin on the ball more easily if you hit the ground before it.
  • The extra height you get from hitting the ground before the golf ball can give you a better view of your target.


  • Hitting the ground too early can also throw off your timing and rhythm.
  • You could strike the ball too hard if you hit the ground before it.
  • This could create all sorts of problems, such as hooks or slices.
  • If you do not make good contact with the ball, you may not be able to generate enough power to get the ball where you want it to go.

How to Stop Hitting the Ground Before the Golf Ball?

Stopping the club from hitting the ground before the golf ball is crucial for achieving consistent and powerful ball contact. This issue is commonly known as "hitting fat" or "chunking" the ball, and it often results in shots that lack distance and accuracy. Here are some essential tips to help you prevent hitting the ground before the golf ball and improve your ball striking:

  1. Proper Setup and Alignment: Ensure you have the correct ball position in your stance and align yourself properly to the target. The ball should be positioned slightly ahead of the center of your stance for most shots, except for the driver.
  2. Maintain a Steady Posture: Keep your upper body relatively still throughout the swing. Avoid swaying or lifting during the backswing, leading to inconsistent ball contact.
  3. Controlled Weight Transfer: Shift your weight smoothly and gradually from your back to your front foot during the downswing. This transfer of weight helps you strike the ball before hitting the ground.
  4. Maintain a Consistent Swing Plane: Work on developing a consistent swing plane that matches the angle of your club at the address. This ensures that the clubhead reaches the ball at the right level.
  5. Avoid Overactive Hands: Resist the urge to scoop the ball off the ground with your hands, as this can cause the club to hit the ground before making contact with the ball.
  6. Focus on Downswing Timing: Work on the proper timing of your downswing. The club should approach the ball with a shallow angle of attack, ensuring a clean ball-first strike.
  7. Practice with Drills: Incorporate specific drills into your practice routine to improve your ball striking. For instance, practice hitting balls off a tee to help ingrain the feeling of striking the ball first.
  8. Develop Consistent Tempo: Maintaining a consistent and smooth tempo throughout your swing helps make clean contact with the ball.
  9. Use Proper Equipment: Ensure your clubs suit your swing and skill level. Clubs that are too long or have the wrong lie angle can contribute to inconsistent ball contact.
  10. Seek Professional Instruction: If you need help to improve your ball striking on your own, consider taking lessons from a golf professional. They can provide personalized feedback and tips to help you overcome specific challenges.

Troubleshooting While Hitting The Ground Before The Ball - When to Seek Professional Coaching?

Seeking professional coaching is valuable in improving your golf game and overcoming various challenges you may encounter on the course. While golf can be a rewarding and enjoyable sport, it can also be frustrating when faced with persistent issues that hinder your progress. Here are some scenarios in which seeking professional coaching is highly beneficial:

  1. Consistent Swing Problems: If you repeatedly struggle with the same swing issues, such as slicing, hooking, or topping the ball, a golf instructor can identify the root causes and provide specific drills and techniques to address these problems.
  2. Inconsistent Ball-Striking: If you're experiencing difficulty achieving clean and consistent ball contact, a professional coach can analyze your swing mechanics and help you improve your angle of attack, swing path, and overall ball-striking technique.
  3. Limited Distance or Power: If your shots lack distance or power compared to your peers or past performance, a golf instructor can work with you to optimize your swing mechanics and generate more clubhead speed.
  4. Struggling with Specialty Shots: Certain shots, like bunker shots, chip shots, or difficult lies, can be challenging. A coach can teach you the proper techniques and strategies for handling these shots effectively.
  5. Lack of Course Management Skills: If you need help with course strategy, club selection, or decision-making during a round, a golf instructor can guide you on how to approach each hole strategically and manage your game more effectively.
  6. Physical Limitations: If you have physical limitations or injuries that affect your swing, a professional coach can work with you to adapt your technique to accommodate your unique circumstances and maximize your performance.
  7. Mental Game Issues: Golf is as much a mental game as a physical one. If you battle anxiety, lack of focus, or mental blocks during rounds, a coach can provide mental game strategies and help build your confidence on the course.
  8. Taking Your Game to the Next Level: Whether you are a beginner looking to develop a solid foundation or an experienced player striving to reach a higher level of play, a professional coach can create a personalized improvement plan tailored to your goals.
  9. Preventing Bad Habits: Getting proper instruction from the start can help prevent the formation of bad habits that may be difficult to correct later on.
  10. Motivation and Accountability: Working with a coach provides a structured learning environment, motivation, and accountability to stay committed to your improvement journey.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

What provokes you to strike the ground instead of the golf ball?

When a golfer hits the ground before the ball, it is usually because their club attempts to attack the ball from a too-shallow angle. Golf coaches refer to this as the "Angle of Approach."

Can you Strike a golf ball downhill?

While this may appear acceptable, we discovered that this could be detrimental to your golf swing. When golfers attempt to "hit down" on the golf ball, it can lead to additional ball-striking issues.

Should you strike the ground with your club?

Depending on your preference, you can raise your driver from a few millimeters to a single inch above the ground when tackling the ball. To avoid enabling a lower striking angle at contact, it should never hover higher than the golf ball.

With a driver, should the toe be up or down?

Toe up at point should always be maintained even if the hands revert to this position while affecting the ball. This is because of impact; the head's center of gravity experiences a centrifugal force of up to 70 pounds.


Hitting the ground before the golf ball might have benefits, including improved accuracy and increased distance. However, it is important to ensure you do not hit the ground too early, as this can lead to losing control.

If you are struggling with your accuracy or want to add a little extra power to your game, try to avoid hitting the ground too early before for the ball the next time you tee off.